## 2017年2月23日 星期四

### 【Python】Codility in Python : Lesson 8 - Leader【Dominator】

Find an index of an array such that its value occurs at more than half of indices in the array.
A zero-indexed array A consisting of N integers is given.
The dominator of array A is the value that occurs in more than half of the elements of A.

For example, consider array A such that

A[0] = 3 A[1] = 4 A[2] = 3
A[3] = 2 A[4] = 3 A[5] = -1
A[6] = 3 A[7] = 3

The dominator of A is 3 because it occurs in 5 out of 8 elements of A
(namely in those with indices 0, 2, 4, 6 and 7) and 5 is more than a half of 8.

Write a function

def solution(A)

that, given a zero-indexed array A consisting of N integers,
returns index of any element of array A in which the dominator of A occurs.
The function should return −1 if array A does not have a dominator.

Assume that:

N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
each element of array A is an integer within the range [−2,147,483,648..2,147,483,647].
For example, given array A such that

A[0] = 3 A[1] = 4 A[2] = 3
A[3] = 2 A[4] = 3 A[5] = -1
A[6] = 3 A[7] = 3

the function may return 0, 2, 4, 6 or 7, as explained above.

Correctness：100%、Performance：100%
```python from itertools import groupby def solution(S): if len(A) == 1: return 0 dominator = -1 dominatorCount = 0 for k, v in groupby(sorted(A)): length = len(list(v)) if(length > dominatorCount): dominator = k dominatorCount = length if dominator == -1: return -1 index = -1 for i in range(0, len(A) - 1): if(A[i] == dominator): if(i == 0 or A[i] == A[i+1]): index = i return index if(dominatorCount > (len(A) / 2)) else -1 ```